Advice, licensing and legislation relating to the release, management or control of non-native species in England.
Natural England has a regulatory role in respect of non-native species. This includes licensing releases and the keeping of non-native species under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (as amended), and the Destructive Imported Animals Act 1932. These are carried out on behalf of the Secretary of State in accordance with Defra policy guidance.
Natural England does not deal with release of biological control agents, fish, shellfish and aquatic crustaceans, or importation of non-native species. Please see aquatic animal health and movements and animal trade: imports and exports.
|Guidance on controlling mink TAN02||Advice on techniques for control to limit damage caused to wildlife, fisheries and game and domestic birds||Fishery owners, farmers, landowners, gamekeepers|
|Mink raft leaflet (The Game Conservancy Trust)||A method to detect and control mink.||Fishery owners, farmers, landowners, gamekeepers|
|Urban grey squirrels TIN056||Information on how to manage grey squirrel problems.||Forest managers, woodland owners|
|Practical techniques for surveying and monitoring squirrels FCPN011 (Forestry Commission)||Survey techniques for squirrel.||Forest managers, researchers|
|Controlling grey squirrel damage to woodlands FCPN004|
|Information on grey squirrel control in woodland.||Forest managers, woodland owners|
Article 11 of the EU Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds 1979 (79/409/EEC; the ‘Birds Directive’) requires Member States to ensure that any introduction of a bird species which does not occur naturally in a wild state within their territory does not prejudice the local flora and fauna.
Article 22(b) of the Habitats Directive requires Member States to ensure that deliberate introduction of non-native species is regulated or if necessary prohibited, so as not to damage natural habitats or wild native flora and fauna. Section 14(1) of the Wildlife & Countryside Act 1981 makes it an offence for any person to release or allow to escape into the wild any animal which:
Species covered by this can only be released under a licence Defra’s guidance on its policy regarding releases, includes an annex giving guidance on when a release into an enclosure might be considered a release into the wild.
Licences for activities prohibited under wildlife legislation are only issued for specific purposes, where there is valid justification. Your activity may be possible under a General licence or Class licence detailed below but you must ensure you are eligible and abide by their conditions.
Otherwise please apply for an individual tailored licence, each form below explains what you must provide. Licences and advice are provided free of charge (some exceptions). See our licences page for more information on: who needs a licence, what types there are and how long they take to obtain.
Natural England will not normally issue licences to release exotic non-native species into the wild or the release of established non-native species outside their present range or where they are likely to have a negative impact on native wildlife.
|Description||Who can use this?||How to register|
WML CL-22: (168kb) To permit the use of non native subspecies of the bumblebee (Bombus terrestris) in commercial glass-houses or poly-tunnels for crop pollination.
|Any person registered with Natural England may use this licence.|
Please note: the terms and conditions for licence WML-CL22 are changing. The updated terms and conditions: (197kb) will be effective as of 1 April 2014.
You need to contact Customer Services Wildlife Licensing in writing to use this licence
|WML-A03: (443kb) - To release non native species||Grey squirels position statement: (21kb)|
Frequently asked questions: (558kb)
Please note for Ring-necked parakeet and American mink there is a strong presumption against issuing any licences for release into the wild.
We aim to process licence applications within 30 working days from date of receipt.
Under the Destructive Imported Animals Act 1932 (as amended) certain non-native mammals, mink, coypu and grey squirrel may only be kept in captivity under licence for exhibition, scientific research or other exceptional purposes. Natural England views that short-term possession of these animals for transport to a place for immediate humane destruction, e.g. taking trapped grey squirrels to a veterinary surgeon to be humanely put down, does not require a keeping licence. If, the animals are to be housed even temporarily then a licence should be obtained.
Please note that it is an offence under Section 14 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 (as amended) to release or allow to escape into the wild grey squirrels, mink and coypu without a licence, (see release section above for details).
Please also note that a licence under the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010 is required to possess wild-taken individuals of species listed in Annex IV of the Habitats Directive more details can be found on our European Protected Species pages. This includes species such as the European beaver, which are not currently established in the wild in this country.
Licences for activities prohibited under wildlife legislation are only issued for specific purposes, where there is valid justification. Otherwise please apply for an individual tailored licence, each form below explains what you must provide. Licences and advice are provided free of charge (some exceptions). See our licences page for more information on: who needs a licence, what types there are and how long they take to obtain.
|WML-A04: (417kb) - To keep non native species||Frequently asked questions: (558kb)|
There is a charge of £185 for coypu licence