Green Infrastructure (GI) is a network of high quality green and blue spaces and other environmental features. It needs to be planned and delivered at all spatial scales from national to neighbourhood levels. The greatest benefits will be gained when it is designed and managed as a multifunctional resource capable of delivering a wide range of environmental and quality of life benefits (ecosystem services) for local communities.
Green Infrastructure includes parks, open spaces, playing fields, woodlands, wetlands, grasslands, river and canal corridors allotments and private gardens.
Green Infrastructure can provide many social, economic and environmental benefits close to where people live and work including:
MEBIE - the Micro-Economic Benefits of Investment in the Environment Review provides an evidence summary of the benefits of Green Infrastructure. It is focussed around green infrastructure interventions and is structured using the Ecosystem Approach.
Investment in Green Infrastructure (GI) acts as a catalyst to economic growth by:
The qualitative and quantitative evidence that demonstrates that green infrastructure acts as a catalyst to growth is gathered in the peer reviewed Defra / Natural England report: ‘GI as a Catalyst for Economic Growth’.
The National biodiversity climate change vulnerability model (NBCCVM) is a new map-based approach to help assess the vulnerability of priority habitats to climate change. The NBCCVM:
For further information visit the NBCCVM web page.
Natural England is supporting the concept of Green Infrastructure as a way to deliver a wide range of benefits for people, the economy and the natural environment together. We believe Green Infrastructure can be delivered via the spatial planning system, as an integral part of new development everywhere and alongside other infrastructure such as utilities and transport networks. It can also form a key part of proposals to regenerate existing urban areas.
For your information, you can still view to our previous Green Infrastructure Guidance. Please note that this refers to planning policies that have been surpassed by the National Planning Policy Framework.
For further information on Green Infrastructure please contact Tom Butterworth at Tom.Butterworth@NaturalEngland.org.uk
(31 October 2013) The UK’s first Green Infrastructure (GI) audit guide – which is set to change the face of urban spaces – was launched in London yesterday.
(13 September 2013) The Greater London Authority Environment Committee held a debate on biodiversity and Green Infrastructure (GI) in London at a special review session on 11 September, and Adam Wallace - Natural England’s Area Manager for London - was there to participate as an expert witness and advisor.
(14 August 2013) A new study commissioned by Defra and Natural England shows the contribution that multifunctional green space or Green Infrastructure (GI) makes to economic growth at a local and national level.
(5 March 2013) The benefits of green space to England’s economic, environmental and physical well-being will be outlined tomorrow (Wednesday) in a speech by Mike Grace, Natural England’s Head of Sustainable Land Use.